Characteristics of External Bleeding

It is very important to stop external bleeding as quickly as possible. Bleeding is caused when blood vessels are damaged by either illness or injury.  Typically bleeding from an open artery will be bright red because of the high oxygen content in the blood and will spurt in sequence with the victims pulse (heart beat). Because the arteries are under pressure from the heart this bleeding can be difficult to control. If the bleeding is not stopped the amount of blood circulating in the body will diminish which will drop the victims blood pressure and eventually the arterial bleeding.

Blood coming from an open vein will be darker in color (low in oxygen) and will flow continuously. The amount of bleeding will depend on the severity of the injury. The vein is under less pressure than the artery so the blood will not spurt and it is easier to control the bleeding. It is still very important to stop the bleeding immediately.

Bleeding from damaged capillary vessels such as a skinned knee from asphalt will be dark red in color and ooze slowly from the wound.

To stop bleeding apply direct pressure with a dry sterile dressing. Elevate the injury above the heart if a fracture is not indicated. Apply additional dressings as necessary to absorb the blood. Wrap a bandage around the dressings to create a pressure dressing that will maintain direct pressure over the wound. Never remove any blood soaked bandages as you may cause the wound to bleed again. If direct pressure does not control bleeding, apply a tourniquet 2″ above the injury. Never install a tourniquet over a joint such as an elbow.

Author: Brian Freeman


Significance of External Bleeding

External bleeding is a visible hemorrhage that can be anything from a nose bleed (Epistaxis) to bleeding from an open wound.

When examining a patient with serious external bleeding always attempt to determine the amount of blood loss. This can be difficult to do because blood can look so much different on different surfaces. It may have soaked into the patients clothing or have been diluted by water in certain environments. Regardless of the exact amount of blood loss the most important thing in your assessment is how your patient presents.

The human body cannot tolerate large  amounts of blood loss that are greater than 20% of the total blood volume. An average adult weighing 175lbs (80 kg) has approximately 70 mL of blood per kilogram of body weight. This calculates out to approximately 6 L or 10 to 12 pints of blood. If an adult loses  in excess of 1 L or 2 pints of blood they will have significant changes in their vital signs. Their heart & respiratory rates will increase and their blood pressure will decrease in the later stages of shock. Infants and children have less blood volume to begin with so a smaller volume of blood loss can have the same effects on them. If a 1 year old child only has a total blood volume of approximately 800 mL changes in vital signs will occur with the loss of only 100 to 100 mL of blood. This is not much blood at all when you consider that a regular sized coke can holds approximately 355 mL of  liquid.

When considering how well peoples bodies can compensate for blood loss is based on how rapidly they bleed. If a healthy adult is donating blood they give approximately 500 mL of blood over a 15 to 20 minute time frame. If that same person cut an artery in their arm and lost the same 500 mL of blood in much shorter period of time they may go into hypovolemic shock very quickly. Hypovolemic shock is a serious condition caused by low blood volume, which then results in inadequate perfusion (circulation of blood  to meet the needs of the body’s cells) of vital organs which can lead to death.

Bleeding should be considered serious & treated rapidly if the patient presents with any of the following conditions:

1. You cannot control the bleeding .

2. The personis rapidly losing blood.

3. You observe that the person has lost a significant amount of blood.

4. After assessing the person you note definite signs & symptoms of shock (Hypoperfusion).

5. The person has a poor general appearance and is CALM.

6. The bleeding is associated with a serious mechanism of injury such as a gun shot wound or deep laceration.

This is first post of a series on how to control external bleeding in an emergency situation. In the following posts we will cover the characteristics of external bleeding, how to stop external bleeding through the use of direct pressure, splints  & tourniquets, how to apply a pressure dressing, how to determine if a person is bleeding through a capillary, artery or vein, bleeding from the nose, ears and mouth & how to diagnose & treat internal bleeding. In each post will go through WILDERNESS improvised techniques that you can use when first aid kits or definite medical care is not readily available. My hope is that you’ll learn & be ready to help when a true emergency arises.


Author: Brian Freeman EMT-B , OUTDOORSMAN


10 Tips To Remember When Zeroing Your Rifle

1. Changing the type of bullet you are using such as going from a Nosler ballistic tip to a Sierra Game King Boattail Hollow Point will change your bullet path, even if the starting muzzle velocity is the same.

2. The height that your scope is mounted will change the relationship of your rifles sightline to its boreline. As a general rule you should always buy your scope mounting base and rings that will allow you mount your rifle as close to your barrel without touching it.

3. When zeroing your rifle remove as much human error as you possibly can using a sandbags or an adjustable shooting rest. This will allow you have confidence that your rifle is sighted in properly and any error is in your routine, which you can practice on to improve.

4. Remember that shooting uphill or downhill will extend your point-blank range. You will hit high if you hold directly on your target. Aim low. It is best to zero in your rifle with on level shooting range with your target and shooting bench at the same elevation, known distance to your target and preferably no wind.

5. Know your distance to your target. As the distance becomes greater it is even more critical. Invest in a quality rangefinder or shoot at range that has marked distances.

6. You may find that your groups may improve at 200 yards over your 100 yard groups. Bullets tend to settle down and find their path as the distance increases. An example would be that your 100 yard groups are 2″ apart and your 200 yard groups are 3″ apart.

7. Do not rest your barrel against anything hard as it may cause the barrel to bounce away from the rest and throw your shot off course. Make sure you are resting the forend only and that it is supported by a soft surface such as jacket, sandbag, hunting pack or your hand.

8. Always check to make sure your barrel is floating and not in contact with your stock. This can cause pressure on the barrel and send your shot off target.

9. Your elevation above sea level has little effect on the flight of your bullet except at very extreme elevations or distances.

10. The bullet groups that matter most are the ones from a clean cold barrel. They will most closely symbolize your shots in the field when that bull elk comes out in front of you and its 0 degrees out. When zeroing in save one target for a cold barrel group. One tip that works well to keep your barrel clean in rain, mud or snow is to take some electrical tape and wrap it around the end of your barrel.


Author: Brian Freeman




California Gray Fox

The California Gray Fox can be hunted from November 24th through the last day in February. There is no bag limit or possession limit. Austin Beneteau called in and killed this one with a dying jack rabbit predator call. Check out the email I got from Austin:

“We parked off of boulder creek road and then started hiking in. Set up just about a mile into the hike and started calling. One came in about 20 yards below us but then disappeared so then we just kept calling and two came running in and jumped up onto a boulder in prime location looking right at us. I turned my rifle and put the crosshairs right on its shoulder and then my first fox was on the ground. The shot was about 60 yards.
I was shooting my Remington 700 SPS Varmint with a Konus Pro 6.5-24 scope. Shooting Remington 50 grain hollow points.”
-Austin Beneteau











Author: Brian Freeman


GunVault Microvault Biometric







The GunVault Microvault Biometric is the perfect home protection pistol safe. It can be stored just about anywhere and is an absolute must if you have children around the house. There is extra room inside the vault to store an extra magazine or flashlight as well. The GunVault Microvault Biometric  (MVB 500) pistol safe is one of our best sellers and I would personally recommend one to anyone as I personally own one and am very pleased with it. GunVault is an excellent company and stands behind their product. If there is problem with any of their products GunVault will either talk you through fixing the vault over the phone or send you a new vault.  You can find the GunVault Microvault Biometric pistol safe at www.freemanoutfitters.com along with many other Gunvault safes marked with extremely competitive prices.
The unique, notebook-style design allows you to take your handgun or valuables with you. Incredibly compact and lightweight, this safe will fit inside a briefcase or daypack and can be quickly accessed with GunVault’s Biometric technology (Uses fingerprint recognition to access safe contents).



- Weight: 5 lbs
- External Dimensions (W x H x D): 11″ x 8 1/2″ x 2 1/4″
- Internal Dimesions (Wx H x D): 10 3/4″ x 6 1/2″ x 2″



  • Proactive foam-lined interior to protect your pistol.
  • High-strength lock mechanism performs reliably time after time
  • 20-gauge Heavy Duty steel construction


  • Precise fittings are virtually impossible to pry open with hand tools
  • Built-in computer blocks access after repeated invalid keypad entries (Digital models only)
  • High strength 4′ steel security cable included
  • GunVault Patented No-Eyes Keypad allows for quick access
  • Mounts almost anywhere. Four Pre-drilled holes on the bottom of vault.


  • The MicroVault Bio model features GunVault’s Patented No-Eyes keypad with biometric fingerprint scanner
  • Holds 120 unique fingerprints
Author: Brian Freeman


Ramona Horse Hay For Sale- Alfalfa & Bermuda










In order to meet the growing needs of  All our local customers better, Freeman Outfitters is  now offering Horse Hay for sale. Hay prices have skyrocketed over the past year and are expected to continue to rise over the winter.  Our hope is that we can help save our customers  time an money in the purchasing of their hay by offering lower prices than the feed stores with the huge convenience of delivering the hay to your barn. Alfalfa and Bermuda are both available in any amount and our prices are on average 10% cheaper than the local feed stores plus we include free local delivery on any order of 10 bales or more. On smaller orders 0f 1-9 bales there is a $10 delivery charge to cover trucking expenses. Delivery is available to Julian and Poway as well. We are also offering straw bale rentals and delivery. We want you to know that you are being treated fairly and are glad to show you the weight ticket for the hay you will be purchasing if requested. For more information and current prices and bale weights  please contact Brian Freeman at 760-917-0964.


Nosler Partition



The Nosler Partition was introduced in 1948. With amazing accuracy, controlled expansion and 2/3 of original weight retention the Partition has set the benchmark for all others and  earned the reputation as a deadly hunting bullet.

It all begins with Nosler’s fully tapered copper alloy jacket. This jacket is designed to rupture instantly at the thin jacket mouth, yet the gradual thickening along the bullet’s axis controls expansion and curls the jacket uniformly outward at high or low velocities.

The dual-core construction of the Partition coupled with the special lead-alloy core provides superior mushrooming characteristics at virtually all impact velocities.

Nosler’s engineering efforts are shown, as every Partition bullet in the line delivers optimum length, weight and ogive design for maximum in flight and terminal performance.

The integral Partition supports the expanded mushroom and retains the rear lead-alloy core which retains more than two thirds of its original weight, ideal for deep penetration. Finally the special crimp locks Nosler puts into each Partition adds strength to resist deformation under the pressure of heavy magnums.

Each bullet is visually inspected at the factory and sealed in the box until you open them. Nosler Partition bullets are packaged 25 and 50 count boxes.

For optimum Performance Velocity:

Minimum:  1800 Feet Per Second

Maximum: Unlimited

Nosler manufactures the Partition in a Spitzer, Semi-Spitzer, Round Nose and a protected point. The Partition is recommended for use on any type of game animal. The bullets come in boxes of quantity 25 or 50.

Author: Brian Freeman


Nosler Custom Trophy Grade Ammunition

If you read any hunting or firearm magazines it’s a given that you’ve seen advertisements for Nosler Custom Trophy Grade Ammunition. So whats all the talk about?

Nosler claims that these rounds have superior accuracy to that of standard factory rounds. Here is information and a direct quote off of Nosler’s website:

*Cases Checked for correct length
*Necks sized and chamfered for proper alignment
*Powder charges are meticulously weighed
*Finished rounds are visually inspected and polished
*Loaded rounds are hand-packaged in hard plastic boxes with all performance data printed on the label
*Ammunition box labels can be personalized with customer’s name or information at no additional cost
*All rounds are hand-loaded by Nosler ballisticians
*Small, precisly-built runs of hand-loaded ammunition
*Nosler’s ballisticians are expert handloaders. It’s their expertise that goes into the making of NoslerCustom® Ammunition. It’s not just knowledge and special attention that sets this ammunition apart. The key is that we are combining the very best components, in the exact amounts, with decades of practical, hands-on experience. The result is a custom load that can bring your shot to a new level of consistency.

“Using load data for an individual cartridge that we developed in our own ballistics lab, we load each round of NoslerCustom® Ammunition with steps not typically taken with factory-loaded ammunition”

A customer of ours just purchased 2 boxes of Nosler Custom 300 WSM 180gr AccuBond and claimed to have shot quarter size groups at 100yds. He was very pleased with the performance.

Nosler is offering an outstanding recovery act rebate offer through December 31st of this year. If you buy 2 boxes of any Nosler Custom Trophy Grade Ammunition in 243 caliber and larger they will mail you a third box for free. Click here to print out the Nosler Rebate.

Click here to view the Nosler Custom Trophy Grade Ammunition Ballistics Chart for all calibers.

Nosler offers the following bullets in a number of different weights in their Custom line:




*Ballistic Tip Hunting

*Ballistic Tip Varmint

*Ballistic Tip Lead Free

Author: Brian Freeman


Forked Horn Buck Harvested in Julian, California

Luke Brehm harvested this forked horn buck last week with an archery only tag on his ranch in Julian, California. The buck was killed at just six yards. That’s called bringing them in close. The buck measured 22.5″ wide and 16″ tall. Congratulations Luke


Video of Big California Mule Deer Buck in Hunt Zone X-9b

We found this buck in the middle of August still in the velvet. The video was taken just 40 yards away. California’s Hunt Zone X-9b is known for big bucks and is draw only with just 325 tags available. Draw odds are currently about 25%.



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